In an article in The Economist, adjunct fellow with the Manhattan Institute's Center for Legal Policy, Marie Gryphon, is cited for her work exploring the likely effects of adopting a loser-pays rule for attorneys' fees. In a loser-pays system, the losing party is responsible for reimbursing the winning party's legal expenses, including attorneys' fees.
The Economist piece examined loser-pays rules as implemented in their respective customized forms in Texas, Alaska and Florida (1980-1985) and also discussed medical-malpractice caps on noneconomic damages, the central theme of Ted Frank's most recent debate with Cato's Shirley Svorny.
The article cites Marie's advocacy for the development of a litigation insurance system:
Marie Gryphon of the Manhattan Institute, a centre-right think-tank, who is author of a loser-pays proposal, says that Texas got "much less than half a loaf", and that Florida was spooked too quickly. She argues that loser-pays countries need legal insurance, which can be bought (for example) in England for just £100-200 ($150-300) after an alleged loss, but before a suit is filed. Lawyers can advance the premiums and add them to their bills. In other countries, such as Germany, many households carry standing legal insurance with a small monthly premium. Ms Gryphon argues that in such a mature loser-pays market more small-value but high-merit cases would be brought, while both small "nuisance" suits and big "lottery" suits would be less attractive to lawyers.